It is believed that aquariums are popular for the love of children for animals. Fish are the most easy to care for Pets. A beautiful custom aquarium will be a wonderful decoration for home, office or public organization. However, specialty stores do not possess a large assortment of sizes, and therefore the manufacture of aquariums to order is becoming a great business idea. In addition, even a good master spends about a month on the creation of 4-5 products, so the craftsmen in this area will be useful.
Depending on the initial capital, you can determine the option of the development of ideas: creating organization or creating products with their hands at home.
- Conditions and Investment Needed To Start
- Types of Custom Aquariums
- Creation Technology of Aquariums
- Creation Stages of Aquariums
- Choose Glass
- Gluing Aquarium
- Elimination of Leaks
- Video: How to Make Your Own Custom Aquarium
Who needs custom aquariums?
Consumers can be divided into several groups:
- Private customers who require an aquarium of unusual size or shape;
- Enterprises involved in implementation;
- Wholesale buyers from different companies or businesses.
People in every city want to have a home a small underwater world with its buildings, flora and fauna, and possibly treasure. It is possible to make very interesting options if the buyer is willing to spend enough money on aquarium. Private buyers is a great contingent, based on which we can develop the company.
Special attention should be paid to the companies that sell aquariums. If you will make good aquariums, you will be able to find a permanent and profitable connection. Companies who care about the interior of his office, as very often order the aquariums. This is a simple and inexpensive way to make the design more lively and pleasant.
Conditions and Investment Needed To Start
If you can organize your own company, you have to begin to deal with organizational aspects, such as the search of premises and staff, the registration of organization, search sellers material. License to manufacture not required, so you can very quickly register. The idea of a profitable business is the manufacture and sale of aquariums.
Take seriously the selection of the premises; you need to consider the possibility to ventilate it from toxic substances. Lighting should be good, both artificial and natural. You can make or buy furniture, which will show off the finished, but not yet taken up the aquariums.
Recruiting is a complex issue. Choosing the contingent with experience and additional skills be ready to pay them more than beginners are. If you are not afraid to take risks, take people without experience on probation. You may come across an employee whose masterly work will glorify the company. To get started is to hire two of the wizard for products and accountant. If you a difficult man to communicate and to sell products, you need to choose meticulously accountant, identifying each applicant the desired quality.
Equipment for the enterprise need a little, but it should be different. The shopping list should include mounting tables, knives for slicing the glass structures, a special device for grinding sharp corners of the aquarium. Used materials: glass or polymer, acetone and gasoline, glue, tools and adhesive tape. This list changes at the expansion of the range or specialization of services.
If you have all the necessary tools and materials mentioned above then assumes that workers will be able to make 2-4 of the aquarium daily. It is equivalent to one month working of masters that manufactures aquariums at home.
Manufacturer of aquarium at home takes much less Finance, but a lot more time. You will need a simple list of things:
- The glass or polymer;
- Additional tools (spatula, brush) and decorative ribbon;
- The tool for cutting glass;
- The tool for polishing glass.
This is enough to create original products with their own hands.
Types of Custom Aquariums
Marine aquariums are created by using salt water, stone, flora and fauna of the deep sea. Popular inhabitants are divided into three types: fish, invertebrates, and combined. Such aquariums are different bright colors, pleasant atmosphere and exotic appearance.
An unusual atmosphere of unsalted water characterizes freshwater aquariums. Wood, stone and ceramic ornaments and different plants recreated the chain of ecosystems. Usually uses a large amount of scenery. The inhabitants of one or several species populate such aquariums.
There is also a pseudo-sea aquarium type, which is characterized by the presence of fresh water and freshwater fish; however, style and design are taken from the marine type.
Creation Technology of Aquariums
Preparation of the order and of the drawings is a laborious task, requiring precise measurements, calculations and other things. When choosing methods of making should learn the basics of this production.
Glued products can be divided into two kinds according to materials: silicate glass and plexiglass. The first type is characterized by beauty, but it has a drawback is the fragility. Silicate glass helps protect the product from scratches. The second type of aquariums is very light and durable, but the appearance of it is much simpler and it is quite easily scratched.
After the choice of glass is necessary to determine the glue, because each type needs a special glue. To seal the plexiglass to use chloroform, in which dissolved fine sawdust or splinters of glass. Gluing small aquariums takes very little time and is usually done at a time. If the glass is 5-7 mm in thickness, will require a phased system that includes ties and other fasteners. Initially you have to disinfect the edges of the glass, and then begin to glue the glass ranging from facial. After completing process, you should flatten the edges of the glass to each other allowing the excess glue comes out of the seams. Cementing glass (it is possible to fasten even with duct tape) leave the product for 24 hours. After you remove all excess glue from the joints and start to glue the inner seams. Now already you cannot fix the glass. The next day remove the excess glue from the inside. The aquarium will be ready in a day.
Frame method requires the manufacture of the base (framework), more often from stainless steel. After manufacturing, the framework clean from the irregularities and treated gasoline. Then inserted into the glass bottom, then walls. The seams cover with a special mixture. The composition of the mixture: 100 g of cement (dry, without impurities), a mixture of rosin and furniture lacquer – 15 g. Stitches dry for six or seven days.
Вся продукция должна проходить тестирование водой. Кроме того, не стоит первое же творение, созданное своими руками, нести в ближайший зоомагазин. Практикуйтесь, иначе ваш первый заказ станет последним. К начальной партии товаров нужно подходить очень тщательно, ведь в дальнейшем она станет визитной карточкой.
Creation Stages of Aquariums
I advise you to start to produce aquariums small size – 20-40 liters. Do not think it is wasted money and time. First, it will be your experience. You will experience technology that will improve the technique. Secondly, this trial copy will not be superfluous. If the aquarium turned out without serious flaws, it can then sell, to give to someone or keep it for yourself. Because each aquarist there is a need to place to quarantine or spawning.
If you did not work efficiently to make the aquarium, you do not need to throw it out. Clean everything and try to glue again.
Take attention to grade glass. Grades start with a higher M1 and end M8. The higher the grade the better the quality. Do not take glass below M3 for the aquarium.
No need to split hairs with the glass material if you do a simple aquarium for your home. Ordinary window glass is a great option. It can be bought at any glass shop. Just check that there are no inclusions, scratches and bubbles.
Next, you need to determine the thickness of glass required. You can do this using special table. First, you must know the dimensions of the future of the aquarium. Select the desired length, height and width of the aquarium, focusing on the necessary volume of the aquarium (on the basis that the volume of a rectangular vessel is equal to V = L*A*H, where L is length, A is the width, H – height of the reservoir).
After looking at the table. With the help of the table, you will see how thick the glass is necessary for your aquarium.
|Height (cm)||Length (cm)|
* – with stiffeners; ** – with ribs and ties
The stiffener is a strip of glass to strengthen the walls of the aquarium, to avoid deflection of the glass under the water pressure. They have the same thickness as the walls of the aquarium; length is equal to the inner length of the aquarium, width 2-5 cm.
In aquariums longer than 50 cm of ribs required (although they can be put in smaller aquariums). They are pasted perpendicular to the front and side windows from the front and rear window, at a distance of 2-3 cm from the top.
Besides giving strength, the presence of stiffeners has other useful properties. First, it is convenient to put coverslip. Secondly, it facilitates carrying.
In addition to the stiffening ribs the screed is required when the length of the aquarium more than 1.5 meters. This strip of glass of the same thickness and width as the stiffener. They are glued to the ribs at the bottom. The width of each of the screed 3-5 cm.
For the manufacture of the aquarium you will also need:
- soft sharpening stone;
- syringe 20 ml;
- a degreaser.
There are two main ways of gluing aquariums.
- Wall to the bottom;
- Wall around the bottom.
In the literature often advances the second method as the most reliable. In fact, the first method is not inferior in strength and is much more convenient to manufacture. In his example, will tell how to make aquarium at home. In this method, it is necessary to consider that the sidewall must be shorter than the width of the bottom of two glass thickness plus 1 mm stock.
Now we have everything you need and you can get to work. Let’s start.
Step 1. If glass edges are sharp, they have to blunt. This must be done carefully, otherwise avoid cuts.
At home, it is easier to do as follows. Type in the bath water, height of 10-15 cm. At the bottom lay a towel (otherwise, the corners can break off). Put on the glass. Wet the sharpening stone and begin to grind down all the edges.
Step 2. After edging, wipe, dry and degrease the ends of glass with alcohol or acetone.
Step 3. Put the bottom in the place where will dry out the aquarium preliminary having spread some paper. A tube of sealant put on the screw nose. Cut the tip so that the hole diameter was equal to 2/3 of the thickness of the bonded glass. Note that the higher the cutoff, the smaller the hole.
Take the front wall. Evenly press out the sealant at the end face, which wall will be on the bottom. When applying sealant be careful not to create cavity or a thinning. Their presence affects the strength of bonding, jeopardizing the integrity and reliability of the aquarium. Once noticed similar blotches, immediately eliminate them. Closely place the spout of the glue and squeeze into the cavity of the missing amount of glue.
As soon as you applied glue to the entire length of the wall, take it and put on the bottom. To pin down not much otherwise will come out too much glue. The main thing is that the glue got out a little on both sides. Pierced parts do not touch. At this stage, so leave all. You need to temporarily lean glued wall to something.
Step 4. Now take the sidewall. Again, press out the same layer of glue. Only this time, smear the bottom end (which will put to the bottom) and lateral (which is glued to the already standing front glass).
Put this part into place and carefully follow the seams that there are no bevels. Do not forget to check the quality of the pinned layer. Now to make it easier as on the lateral junction can better see how evenly the glue is distributed. It is no longer necessary to prop up the glass.
Step 5. Perform the same procedure with the remaining two sides.
Step 6. In this form, leave the aquarium to dry for a day. In any case, don’t move it.
Step 7. After days, glue the ribs if they are needed.
Put the aquarium on the sidewall. Smear the stiffener with glue on three sides (along the length and two widths). The ribs have to be smeared well along the long side. Glue the first stiffener, then the second. Leave to dry for another day if the aquarium is small (and for two days if it large). Better to look in the manual on the tube what time is necessary to the sealant to fully dry because there are sealant that dries longer than usual. By the way, ribs are often used as a support for the cover glass.
Step 8. Now take the blade and cut off the excess glue at the seams. Cut across the glass. Cannot cut the glue on the internal seams, in the water it will be unnoticed, especially if used a colorless glue.
Step 9. Now fill the aquarium with water (it is desirable completely to check for sure). Fill the aquarium in that place where it is not scary, if it suddenly will flow. Leave it with water for a few hours. Look at the seams and especially carefully at the corners. If never leaks water, it means that everything is done correctly. Our aquarium is ready!
Elimination of Leaks
You may find a few inaccuracies in the finished aquarium. Checked: do not dispose of the faulty product, lack of can always be fixed. The question is what efforts it can be done. It depends on the type of fault.
Example A. Error: a leak in the corner.
Solution: use your finger to rub with force the silicone into the corner on the inner side. You can cover up a leak in the open water. If the leak persists, you have to cut the seam completely. You have to cut out two walls of the aquarium. Thoroughly clean the joints with a blade, re-coat and glue.
If you soiled finger in silicone, then when you touch the glass will remain a trace, even if you carefully clean off the hands from silicone. Such mistakes carefully remove the blade, driving the blade parallel to the glass.
Example B. Error: a leak on a seam.
Solution: you can cut a piece of seam. In the formed gap push the glue. If this does not work, cut off two walls as in example A. It’s much easier than it seems at first glance. The main thing is to do everything clearly and accurately.
And last. When you are finished work, then surely you will begin to examine in detail your creation. You can probably spot some inconsistencies and blots. Do not find fault with yourself and do not worry!
Here are three things that will comfort you:
Even in the good workshop, it is impossible to cut perfectly straight glass.
Even the professional hand may tremble.
The small flaws are invisible into a working aquarium
Create an initial PR platform with portfolio, groups in social networks dedicated to your activity and interaction with people. Advertise on the Internet. The initial goal is the various forums for lovers of aquariums. Posting on the forum, you will find the first customers. After you make for them quality aquariums, you are acquiring a good reputation and those customers will recommend you to other people.
The calculation of the cost of the aquarium is very simple, but pay great attention to the cost of the aquariums of other artists. Usually calculated according to the formula “to add up all the production costs divided by the number of items”. However, if the established firm is not popular and the goods are implemented slowly, you should sell aquariums for the average cost.